In epistemology, and more specifically, the sociology of knowledge, reflexivity refers to circular . Economic philosopher George Soros, influenced by ideas put forward by his tutor, Karl Popper (), has been an active promoter of the. This led me to start questioning the assumptions of economic theory. In Section 2, I shall explain the concepts of fallibility and reflexivity in. When I first read The Alchemy of Finance by George Soros, I thought his “theory of reflexivity” was absurd. It seemed to be an ex post facto.

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George Soros Reflexivity Theory 101

Within that part of recent sociology of science that has been called the strong programmereflexivity is suggested as a methodological norm or principle, meaning that a full theoretical account of the social construction of, say, scientific, religious or ethical knowledge systems, should itself be explainable by the same principles and methods as used for accounting for these other knowledge systems.

This points to a general feature of naturalised epistemologiesthat such theories of knowledge ref,exivity for specific fields of research to elucidate other fields as part of an overall self-reflective process: Reflexivity has emerged as both an issue and a solution in modern approaches to the problem of structure and agencyfor example in the work of Anthony Giddens in his structuration theory reflexviity Pierre Bourdieu in his genetic structuralism.

Making our way through the world: Bourdieu argued that the social scientist is inherently laden with biasesand only by becoming reflexively aware of those biases can the social scientists free themselves from them and aspire to the practice of an objective science.

Symbolic types, mediation and the transformation of ritual context: Margaret Archer has written extensively on laypeople’s reflexivity.

Reflexivity has been taken up as the issue of “reflexive prediction” in economic science by Grunberg and Modigliani and Herbert A. The principle of reflexivity was perhaps first enunciated by the sociologists William I. Anthropologists by nationality Anthropology by year Bibliography Journals List of indigenous peoples Organizations.

Reflexivity (social theory) – Wikipedia

beorge Social Dramas and Stories about Them. They can play with, comment upon, debate, modify, and objectify culture through manipulating many different features in recognized ways.


In researching cultural practices reflexivity plays important role but because of its complexity and subtlety it often goes under-investigated or involves highly specialized analyses. Sinhalese demons and Tewa clowns. Economist and former columnist of the Financial Times, Anatole Kaletskyargued that Soros’ concept reflexivitg reflexivity is useful in understanding the way in which Western analysts believe that China’s “economy is reflfxivity only slowing, but falling off a cliff.

Key theories Actor—network theory Alliance theory Cross-cultural studies Cultural materialism Culture theory Diffusionism Feminism Historical particularism Boasian anthropology Functionalism Interpretive Performance studies Political economy Practice theory Structuralism Post-structuralism Systems theory.

Reflexivity (social theory)

Palgrave Theoory Grunberg, E. Foucault argues that the concept of man emerged in the early 19th century, what he calls the “Age of Man”, with the philosophy of Immanuel Kant.

Policy Sociology as a Public Good. Within anthropology, Gregory Bateson developed ideas about meta-messages subtext as part of communication, while Clifford Geertz ‘s studies of ritual events such as the Balinese cock-fight point to their role as foci for public reflection on the social order.

Cultural traditions are often imagined as perpetuated as stable ideals by uncreative actors. For her, human reflexivity is a mediating mechanism between structural properties, or the individual’s social context, and action, or the individual’s ultimate concerns.

In epistemologyand more specifically, the sociology of knowledgereflexivity refers to circular relationships between reglexivity and effectespecially as embedded in human belief structures. Reflexivity asserts that prices do in fact influence the fundamentals and that these newly influenced set of fundamentals then proceed to change expectations, thus influencing prices; the process continues in a self-reinforcing pattern. Reflexivity was taken up as an issue in science in sorks by Karl Popperwho called it the ‘Oedipal effect’, and more comprehensively by Ernest Nagel The same process can operate in reverse leading to a catastrophic collapse redlexivity prices.

Innovation may or may not change tradition, but since reflexivity is intrinsic to many cultural activities, reflexivity is part of tradition and not inauthentic. It commonly refers to the capacity of an agent to recognize forces of socialization and alter their place in the social structure. The prophecy has a constitutive impact on the outcome or result, changing the outcome from what would otherwise have happened. Invitation to a Reflexive Sociology.

Economic philosopher George Sorosinfluenced by ideas put forward by his tutor, Karl Popper[2] has been an active promoter of the relevance of theoryy to economics, first propounding it publicly in his book The Alchemy of Finance.


The reflexive imperative in late modernity. Within sociology more broadly—the field of origin— reflexivity means an act of self-reference where examination or action “bends back on”, refers to, and spros the entity instigating the action or examination.

George Soros Reflexivity Theory | New Trader U

Performative and Reflexive Anthropology. Moral Models in Anthropology. Reflexivity, therefore, raises real issues regarding the extent to which the social sciences may ever be viewed as “hard” sciences analogous to classical physics, and raises questions about the nature of the reflexibity sciences.

Because the pattern is self-reinforcing, markets tend towards disequilibrium. The Kenyon Review Vol. In anthropology, reflexivity has come to have two distinct meanings, one that refers to the researcher’s awareness of an analytic focus on his or her relationship to the field reflexiviyy study, gforge the other that attends to the ways that cultural practices involve consciousness and commentary on themselves.

The second kind of reflexivity studied by anthropologists involves varieties of self-reference in which people and cultural practices call attention reflexiviity themselves. He finishes the book by posing the problem of the age of man and our pursuit of knowledge- where “man is both knowing subject and the object of his own study”; thus, Foucault argues that the social sciences, far from being objective, produce truth in their own mutually exclusive discourses.

InSoros funded the launch of the Institute for New Economic Thinking with theoty hope that geotge would develop reflexivity further.

Any particular field of research occupied with aspects of knowledge processes in general e. Archaeological Biological Cultural Linguistic Social.

A low level of reflexivity would result in an individual shaped largely by their environment or “society”. Reflexivity presents a problem for science because if a prediction can lead to changes in the system that the prediction is made in relation to, it becomes difficult to assess scientific hypotheses by comparing the predictions they entail with the events that actually occur.