Daldinia concentrica, King Alfred’s Cakes or Cramp Balls: identification pictures ( images), habitat, edible or poisonous; taxonomy, etymology, synonyms, similar. Daldinia concentrica with centipedes Maybe you were a very bad boy or girl during the year, and all Santa Claus brought you for Christmas was a lump of coal in. King Alfred’s Cakes, Daldinia concentrica, also known as Cramp Balls. This distinctive fungus grows on Ash trees.
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Timber infected by this fungus develops a white rot known as ‘calico wood’ 4. This species occurs throughout the year 3.
The specimens we found were growing on a fallen Ash tree Fraxinus excelsior. Once lit it is quite difficult to extinguish, but fragments can be broken off and transferred to a tinder ball to create an open flame. Several carbon ball specimens were allowed to sit on the paper plate and identification slip at the NEMF foray. The fungus is ball-shaped, with a hard, friable, shiny black fruiting body 2 to 7 centimeters wide. According to legend, King Alfred once hid out in a doncentrica homestead during war, and was put concentrkca charge of removing baking from the oven when it was dalcinia.
King Alfred’s cakes habitat King Alfred’s cakes are found growing on the dead branches of deciduous trees, particularly ash, but can also occur on beech and alder 4.
King Alfred’s cakes Daldinia concentrica. Ash trees often shed their branches and by growing on these fallen branches, Daldinia concentrica helps them to rot away.
Wikimedia Commons has daldniia related to Daldinia concentrica. This species is featured in: They are unable to produce their own food through the process of photosynthesisas plants do; instead, they acquire nutrients from living or dead plants, animals, or other fungi, as animals do.
The inedible fungus Daldinia concentrica is known by several common names, including King Alfred’s cakecramp ballsand coal fungus. Authentication This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. More information at TomVolkFungi. This environment and saldinia awareness website about the flora and fauna of Malta is sponsored by:. David daodinia Charles, Devon.
The fungus is a useful form of tinder for fire-lighting. Help us share the wonders of the natural world. When King Alfred was on the run from the Vikings he dalrinia said to have taken refuge in the home of a peasant woman. You might break your teeth if you tried. A single layer of perithecia is located just below the pimple-dotted surface.
Daldinia concentrica — Wikipédia
It measures between cm in diameter and usually broader then high. Carbon balls; Crampballs; King Alfred’s cakes. But it has other uses. If you are able concebtrica help please contact: Concentrica refers to the concentrically zoned interior.
Each dot is the opening of an ascospore- producing perithecium located just below the surface. Sign up to our newsletter Get the latest wild news direct to your inbox. It burns slowly, much like a charcoal briquette, with a particularly pungent smoke. During spring 2it can be found covered in a layer of sooty black spores ; these are released at night and can travel up to 2 cm away from the fruit body from which they were discharged.
Harper Collins Publishers, London.
Mature specimens of Daldinia concentrica on wood. King Alfred’s cakes status Widespread 3.
A related species, Daldinia vernicosahas a narrowed, stemlike sterile base beneath the fertile portion. AfricachimpanzeeconservationfilmIn the Fieldlab chimpsLiberiaPrimatesprimatologyrehabilitationtrue storywildlifewildlife filmWildscreen Festival. A paper examines the chemical composition of Daldinia concentrica but you concentricz to subscribe to the Journal of Natural Products if you concentricca to daldinai more than the abstract.
The small bumps on the surface of the fruiting body are the necks of the perithecia – a Perithecium singular refers to the flask-shaped cavities that are formed within the carbonaceous stroma of sterile tissue. The brown variety is usually too heavy and dense to be much good; the black variety is lighter and better. Retrieved from ” https: January Learn how and when to remove this template message.
King Alfred’s cakes conservation Conservation action has not concentria targeted at this species. The name ‘cramp balls’ refers to the belief that this fungus protected against cramp; men used to carry them around in their pockets for this saldinia 4. You can view distribution information for this species at the National Biodiversity Network Atlas.
The rings of Daldinia concentrica also represent a season’s worth of reproduction. The visible part of the fungus, the fruit-body is initially reddish-brown in colour, but becomes black and shiny as it ages 2. Holly-leaved naiad Najas marina. Views Read Edit View history. Rodents of Unusual Size communitycoypudocumentaryecosystemenvironmentfilmmakerfilmmakinginvasiveinvasive speciesrodentsUSAWetlandswildlife Monday 24 September Concentrkca With – Tom Hooker: