Fenneropenaeus indicus is a significant aquaculture species in Iran, Saudi Arabia, India, Indonesia, Vietnam and South Africa (Hoffman et al. Penaeus (Fenneropenaeus) indicus H. Milne Edwards, Next to Metapenaeus dobsoni, P. indicus is the second most important species in the ricefield. This file contains a global overview of the aquaculture species Penaeus indicus.
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Retrieved September 15, Share this image — Hide fenneropenaeuz options. Title Cormorants Natural enemies.
At night, fenneropenaejs minimum oxygen levels should be 3. In traditional farming harvesting is done by fitting conical nets on the sluice gates and opening them during low tide. Nowadays the dependence on wild seed has been reduced due to establishment of hatcheries and also due to reduction in wild seeds due to overfishing.
Broodstock development and spawning in Penaeus indicus. This can increase the productivity to The crab Scylla serrata is a fennerpenaeus of shrimp in growout ponds.
Adults are normally found at depths less than 30 m but have also been caught from 90 m. Pathogens Carried Top of page White spot syndrome virus. Natural feeds are grown by application of fertilizers and supplementary feeds are also given during the culture at a rate of 4—5 times a day.
In semi-intensive and intensive practices, harvesting is done by complete draining of the pond. It is the most important species caught off the east coast of Africa and is probably the most important commercial species in India, especially in the inshore fishery and in the rice field farming around Kerala Rosenberry, The size of females used for broodstock and spawning should preferably be above inricus millimetres 5.
The production costs for this species, as reared in Saudi Arabia, are not available. Paddle wheel aerators on shrimp pond. The remaining shrimp are harvested by cast netting. indiicus
Compared with traditional type of management, semi-intensive production are on a relatively smaller scale with 0. InGreenpeace International added the Indian prawn to its seafood red list. The early developmental stages take place in the sea before the larvae move into estuaries. On the southwest coast of India the juveniles support a good commercial fishery in the backwaters and paddy fields. Retrieved from ” https: These fields are seasonally used for a single crop of paddy during the monsoon season June- September.
Title Gonad development Caption Gonad development in head and tail of Fenneropenaeus indicus. Indian prawn Scientific classification Kingdom: Technology Transfer Series 9. Fertilization is external as the ripe ova released by the female become fertilized by the sperm extruding simultaneously from the stored spermatheca in the thelycum.
Image credit Link to this image Add to scrapbook How you can use this image. The shrimp mature and breed mostly in marine habitats and spend the juvenile and sub-adult stages of 30 to mm total length TL in coastal estuaries, backwaters or lagoons. Blog Friday 05 October Wildscreen With: PL20 postlarvae can be directly stocked into grow-out ponds for farming. The production of seeds in hatcheries depends on the availability of broodstock and quality of spawners.
Taxonomic Tree Top of page Domain: Title Signs of deterioration in shrimp Caption First sign of deterioration in Fenneropenaeus indicus is reddening of the hepatopancreas if not frozen in time. Cultured Aquatic Species Information Programme. The European Union market has even higher specifications zero tolerance.
FAO Fisheries & Aquaculture Penaeus indicus
Archived from the original on April 10, It is called “Royya” in Telugu. Plant processes kilograms per day. The cost of imported feeds is generally higher. Intensive farming is tightly controlled system of farming with very less dependence on natural foods and high level of mechanization.
X Close Image credit. Title Spawning Caption Female Fenneropenaeus indicus with good egg development and ready to spawn. Backyard hatchery technology for the white prawn, Penaeus indicus PDF. Title Harvested Fenneropenaeus indicus Caption The normal colour of harvested Fenneropenaeus indicus. List of Diseases and Disorders Top of page hepatopancreatic parvovirus disease microsporidosis cotton shrimp disease mycobacteriosis of penaeid shrimp white spot disease White spot syndrome virus.
Products The major products for export to Japan, United States, the European Union and the Middle East are frozen head-on, headless and peeled in block frozen form, IQF and AFDchilled, together with several value-added products, such as shrimp pickles, cutlets, ready-to-cook and battered and breaded ready-to-eat.
Intensification of cultured shrimp is limited by seed supply. Water is drained out during low tide and further reduced by pumping, using mobile diesel-powered equipment.