“There is power in looking,” as bell hooks proposes in her essay, “The Oppositional Gaze: Black Female Spectators.” Hooks primarily aims at critical. Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Jan 1, , Bell Hooks and others published The Oppositional Gaze: Black Female Spectators }. The Oppositional Gaze: Black Female Spectators. A look at the article by bell hooks. Presentation by Russell Brun. Purpose. To gain a critical look at black.

Author: Shalmaran JoJolkis
Country: China
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Education
Published (Last): 10 December 2004
Pages: 179
PDF File Size: 4.78 Mb
ePub File Size: 11.25 Mb
ISBN: 583-7-93517-954-3
Downloads: 30769
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kiramar

Jan Masschelein – – Ethics and Education 5 1: It is not until one develops the oppositional gaze that the role of spectator can became a space of power. The description of a television screen as opposiional private experience is also interesting, since we often think of media as a very collective thing—produced by many people, very public—and often viewing it is a collective experience, as in a movie theater, tne can change the experience.

She argues that those in social or political power benefit when the gaze is detached. Thus, black women often remain in search of a mirror stage because they oppositiional have yet to see true representations of themselves. You are commenting using your Twitter account. This article may be confusing or unclear to readers.

When we let our being be consumed- when we allow that image on the screen that is not us but pretends to be- go spectatots unchallenged, even within ones own mind, then the relationship will always be one of unequal power and the representations on screen will never change.

This article has no spectxtors abstract. Although the director of this film is male, the story and screenplay is written by a black woman. Walker – – Philosophia Africana 7 1: Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history.


White Protestants and Black Christians: For example, Julie Dash was one of the first filmmakers to impose the oppositional gaze within the traditionally homogeneous domain of Hollywood with her films Illusions and Daughters of the Dust: Please, read The Oppositional Gaze: In “The Oppositional Gaze: According to Hooks, the oppositional gaze exists as a mechanism for black female spectators to interrogate film without identifying with either the male gaze, permeated with notions of possession and patriarchal order, or white womanhood.

This is a power structure that was replicated and reproduced from slavery to social and family dynamics. She has done her best to keep her family from the effects of colonialization and its contagious influences. This resistance that Monica has for what her mother represents is comparable to the resistance black female spectators have towards films that emphasize white-womanhood and the phallocentric gaze.

Even when presented in cinema, black women were the object of male gaze. The other is the lack of validation for these voices.

Mulvey’s criticisms present exclusionary perspectives which inundate the white female body as a totalizing categorization of all women. I think her posing the solution of a new vocabulary for this discourse is valid. The Feminism and Visual Cultural Reader. However, there is a second gaze within this painting that is “cooperating with the West’s construction of not-white women as not-to-be-seen”.

Civil rights and liberties.

This site uses cookies. She writes, “Dressing to go to a party, Louise and Maggie claim the ‘ gaze ‘. She writes that it is not an automatic next step after awareness of racism. Devereaux’s Expanded Male Gaze. I agree with bell hooks that there is a problem with in the film critic world with black female voices.


New York University, n. Science Logic and Mathematics. In Lacanian theory, modes of power and looking relations are contextualized within the mirror stage.

The oppositional gaze : Black female spectators

It seems to me that the oppositional gaze is not always a sign of power, as hooks states. An everyday black woman spectator who watches a mainstream film is really the victim of a white-dominated cinema that not only negates but also continually ignores her presence. Joanne Rendell – – Journal of Medical Humanities 25 1: Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Toward an Aesthetics of the Black Female Body.

The deliberate characterization of the ‘black servant’ is ideologically rooted in the constructs of black female identity as MammyJezebeland Sapphire. It is a confrontation, a refusal to be broken down into parts that can be easily consumed.

Bell Hooks | The Oppositional Gaze in Practice

Black Female Spectators”, [1] hooks gives the rubric that black woman are not only underrepresented in film, but they are also not allowed to ‘look’ either. I also think that part of activism spctators continuing to advocate for individual rights even in times of adversity.

The oppositional gaze encompasses modes of looking and hoois back [1] which employ reflexive gazes such as:. A moment of rupture is crucial for black female spectators to be able to look at films with a critical eye and create an oppositional gaze.